Clinical depression is characterized by severe sadness and melancholy for a prolonged period of time. It can affect a man or woman’s mental and behavioral attitude as well as his or her ability to carry out normal, everyday things.
What are the symptoms of clinical depression in adults?
- Severe periods of sadness that could last for hours, days, and even weeks.
- A decrease or loss in interest in the usual activities that he or she usually finds interesting
- Appetite change. The result is a ballooning up or down in weight.
- Guilt over things that are relatively beyond their control such as getting sick.
- A general feeling of worthlessness.
- Exhaustion during physical activities including exercise, work, and even walking.
- Irritability and a short temper
- Periods of sobbing for seemingly no apparent reason.
- Lack of self-confidence
- Low self-esteem
- Negative perception of the future or loss of hope over everything
- Occasional feeling of anxiety.
- Suicidal tendencies
- Lack of concentration on tasks and the inability to think logically including evidence of indecisiveness on things both significant and less so.
- Irregular sleeping patterns that include hypersomnia or excessive sleeping. This can be coupled with a difficulty in getting back to sleep. This is naturally not good for your health.
What are the causes?
- Medical condition – Illnesses or traumatic experiences that are far too difficult to handle can cause depression. This might be cardiovascular disease, hypothyroidism, hepatitis, and major injuries.
- Life experiences – Depression can be triggered by poverty, prolonged unemployment, career frustrations, multiple personal failures, a breakup within a committed relationship etc..that can trigger severe sadness.
- Early life experiences – Childhood trauma like rejection or abandonment, chronic illness, neglect, death of loved one, sexual abuse, incest, psychological trauma, and other accidents that may not appear to be harmful during the early years but which can manifest later in life.
- Psychological conditions – Lack of self-confidence and low self-esteem can trigger depression.
- Physical conditions – Weight issues and physical deformities or disabilities can cause an adult to become depressed.
- Living with a depressed person – Acquiring negative energy from someone who is depressed can increase the chances of depression.
- Heredity –If the parents have depressive genes, the offspring is likely to become depressed. .
- Postnatal depression or postpartum depression – Mood changes after giving birth. This is often seen within 3 months after the delivery and would last for some months.
- SAD or Seasonal affective disorder – Some people experience depression during winter when daytime is short. The Seasonal affective disorder can be countered with phototherapy.
It seems, there are a number of causes for depression, the majority of which are not the sufferer’s fault. It’s important for you to remember that only you, in the end, can control what goes on inside your minds. That is your last defense against this condition.